The Church dedicated to St Pio of Pietrelcina in San Giovanni Rotondo, was designed to accommodate the ever-increasing number of the faithful on pilgrimage. The building designed by Architect Renzo Piano, houses up to 6500 faithful, while a large open space communicating with the liturgical hall will allow another 30 thousand people to attend religious ceremonies. In this way the internal space blends with the external one. From the churchyard you can admire the main arch of the church in all its grandeur. It is the largest stone arch in the world, with a width of 45.80 metres and a maximum internal height of 15.70 metres.
The church is accessed through an eight-metre wide, straight pedestrian walkway, flanked by a double row of cypresses, on either side of which terraces of green areas have sprung up, equipped for pilgrims to stop and rest. At the end of this path there is a large stone cross of Apricena, composed of 70 ashlars. The churchyard is triangular in shape with a slope towards the inside of the liturgical hall and rejoins the historical churchyard of the Sanctuary “Santa Maria delle Grazie”. The large complex houses works by artists such as Domenico Palladino, who made the bronze door of the liturgical entrance; Giuliano Vangi who made the ambo and Arnaldo Pomodoro who made the golden bronze cross suspended on the altar, illuminated by a cone of daylight that filters through a special opening in the roof.
The lighting design underlines this connection between external and internal environments. Diffused lighting is provided by suspended fixtures that create a sort of vault-lowering effect. A strong beam of light on the alter draws all the attention to the officiant. At night the church is illuminated by projector lamps at ground level and by the interior light coming out of the glass windows. The large cross, the wall of the avenue leading to the church and the bells all help to make the location recognizable from afar. Among the projects of the places of worship of the Studio in via Presolana 5 are the Church of Santa Maria Rossa in Milan, the Abbey of Viboldone and many others.
Renzo Piano Building Workshop
Orsay Museum where architecture became a big lighting device, the reflections of light bulbs with walls and ceilings create a uniform light without shadows. Groups of projectors in Grassi Palace recall a small football field. Here was born a new type of lighting device. Reflector lamps and articulated support gives life at the "Cestello". Spasa na Krovi is a perfection of Mantova project. Light beams aggregation allow the device size reduction and the dispersion light control.