Designed by Salvatore Bianchi and built in 1867, at its inauguration it was described by Pope Pius IX as ‘the station of the capital of Italy’. In 1925, architect Angiolo Mazzoni was asked to study a new design for the extension. After the war, the changed political climate suggested the need to re-examine the project from an economic, functional and architectural point of view, and in 1947 a national competition was announced whose winners (the Montuori Vitellozzi group) were commissioned to complete Mazzoni’s work. Once the work was completed, Termini station took the form we know today and was inaugurated on 20 December 1950 by the then President of the Republic Luigi Einaudi. The original architecture of Roma Termini, a mix of styles hovering between the 1930s and the 1950s, was supplemented by modern additions designed by the staff of Grandi Stazioni, in collaborations with established designers such as Atelier Mendini, Michele De Lucchi, Pierluigi Cerri, Vignelli Associates and lighting designer Piero Castiglioni, who oversaw the interior lighting project. A shining example of this work is the restoration of the Ala Mazzoniana, the building designed in the 1930s by architect Mazzoni and intended at the time as a station front: a rare example of futurist architecture, which unfortunately has experienced a downward parabola over the years that has reduced it to a state of total abandonment and degradation. The new intervention philosophy redevelops the station both as a place of travel and as a meeting and transit centre. Stairs, escalators and treadmills make it easier for travellers to get around. The new Forum Termini service centre has been created 4 metres below street level. The large library, built of transparent glass, welcomes travellers in the atrium and descends, via a spiral staircase, towards the Forum. The lighting design follows the more general architectural design, tending to free the volumes from any added presence and to recreate the lighting in the Forum using the modern lighting. Architectural lighting works for transit areas plays a fundamental role because it helps users to orientate themselves in the space. The lighting of the platforms, transit areas and architectural lighting elements of the station is essential.
Grandi Stazioni S.p.A
Orsay Museum where architecture became a big lighting device, the reflections of light bulbs with walls and ceilings create a uniform light without shadows. Groups of projectors in Grassi Palace recall a small football field. Here was born a new type of lighting device. Reflector lamps and articulated support gives life at the "Cestello". Spasa na Krovi is a perfection of Mantova project. Light beams aggregation allow the device size reduction and the dispersion light control.