Malba – Costantini Foundation is a cultural space where temporary exhibitions (on many occasions together with other museums in the world, international collections and related foundations) and works of Argentinean and Latin American contemporary art . A place for meetings with writers, courses, seminars, literary conferences and book presentations.
The museum is the result of an international competition held as part of the Biennale Architettura/BA ‘97 for the construction of a new building to house Eduardo Costantini’s private collection of important works from various art movements in Latin America and Mexico. The first prize was awarded to the Argentinean studio AFT Arquitectos, chosen among more than 450 proposals from 35 countries.
The project includes a number of large rooms that can be divided up into various galleries to adapt to the changing conditions of a constantly expanding collection. Plenty of “white boxes” with openings placed in such a way as to control the entrance of natural light form an ideal setting for contemplating works of art. The alternation of exhibition and resting spaces and the various openings that provide views of the surrounding environment, both inside the museum and outside, give it its unique spirit. Light plays an important part in the overall design of the building: it is a fundamental element linking “the container and its contents”.
The lighting design was based on the integration between lighting and architecture. The works of art on display have been taken as absolute protagonists of the place, the direct lighting converges on the narrow range of lamps able to give back the maximum fidelity to the perception of the colours, whose emission spectrum is therefore continuous, with the possibility of total shielding of the highly harmful ultraviolet emission for the correct conservation of the works. The presence of natural light in all areas of the building is a constant factor. Long, narrow slots project light onto the walls while large skylights and small dormer windows let in daylight, controlled by a set of multiple “layers” which act both as filters and diffusers.
Gaston Atelmann Architects
Martin Fourcade Architects
Alfredo Tapia Architects
Orsay Museum where architecture became a big lighting device, the reflections of light bulbs with walls and ceilings create a uniform light without shadows. Groups of projectors in Grassi Palace recall a small football field. Here was born a new type of lighting device. Reflector lamps and articulated support gives life at the "Cestello". Spasa na Krovi is a perfection of Mantova project. Light beams aggregation allow the device size reduction and the dispersion light control.